| Philippe Landry participates as a reenactor during Festival Acadien in New Brunswick.
|photo by Mary Tutwiler|
|Canadian Acadiens celebrate the Festival Acadien in New Brunswick.|
| photo by Mary Tutwiler
We are staying at the 1891 Hotel Paulin, where the Acadian flag flies from the third-story dormer. Third generation owner Gerard Paulin and his partner Karen Mersereau are melding the historic accommodations with dazzling nouveau cooking based on local ingredients. Eating at the Hotel Paulin is an education in the riches of the sea and the farm — the traditional occupations of the Acadian residents. Summertime is lobster and crab season, and Mersereau takes advantage of the bounty. Shellfish turn up in stews based on boullibaisse, in creamy linguini, sauteed in a rum butter sauce, as crab cakes and tucked into flaky tarts. Local lamb, traditional chicken and dumplings, artisan cheeses and lettuces from the hotel’s gardens are showcased on the menu. Dessert is another course in all things Acadian, from the traditional sugar pie to a Cajun pleasing blueberry bread pudding with rum sauce. Mersereau and Paulin bent over backwards to help us, be it with Internet connections or home remedies for insect bites. And the hotel, located in the heart of Caraquet, made a great base for exploring the Acadian Peninsula.
As a counterpoint to Mersereau’s upscale cooking, most of the restaurants on the peninsula serve simpler, but not lesser, fare. It took us a while to relinquish the Tony Chachere seasoning, but slowly our palates adjusted to food with less fire. “Not too much salt,” was a local mantra, “you should be able to taste the seafood.” Lobster appears everywhere: in breakfast omelets, tossed with a bit of mayonnaise and rolled into a hotdog bun for lunch, as a lobster burger at McDonald’s, or steamed whole for dinner. Scallops, mussels and clams, sauteed, steamed or fried, are local favorites. One of the best discoveries is that summer is oyster season in New Brunswick. The shallow bays are fertile grounds for farming oysters in baskets suspended in the top third of the water column. The oysters grow quickly and are easier to harvest than our bottom dwellers in Louisiana. We tasted an oyster named for the hero of the Acadian resistance, Beausoleil Broussard, who fought on in Nova Scotia for several years before following his kin to Louisiana. The small BeauSoleil oysters, harvested in bays outside of Shippagan, Nequac and Bouctouche, taste like a sweet briny mouthful of the sea.
Nights are filled with music. When the band Grand Dérangement from Nova Scotia hit the stage, it became vividly clear how Acadian traditional music birthed the Cajun sound. The violin played lead, closely followed by the beat on a wooden box or the tapping of dancers performing a high-energy jig. Sung in French, some of the repertoire told the story of the Acadian diaspora and the close ties between the French settlers and their Micmac neighbors. At the Village Historique Acadien, where 40 historic structures are gathered to show the architecture and folkways of the people, Donat Haché, an 85-year-old fiddler, scratched out an air that, with my eyes closed, could have been played on the stage at Festivals Acadiens. He looks like he may be a close cousin to the late Creole fiddler Canray Fontenot.
Everywhere we turned we found similarities. Small towns dominated by large Catholic churches. Houses with a boat pulled up in every yard. Warm welcomes from people who didn’t know us. And a bawdy sense of humor that matched our own. A favorite morning roll, a round pinwheel of pastry sweetened with cinnamon, sugar and butter, is affectionately called “pet de soeur” or nun’s (teacher’s) pet. The joke is a pun. Pet is slang for gastric wind. So the round little treat with the hole in the middle given to the Goody Two-Shoes of the class became a little more difficult to swallow when the smug child realized she was eating a nun’s fart.
But there are differences as well. Canada’s British governors, and later on, the Canadian parliament in Ottawa, moved to make English the official language of Canada. The province of Quebec, militantly French, has a strong separatist movement and has attempted to break away from the Canadian federation. At fiery conventions in the 19th century, while the Quebecois organized to become a sovereign state, the Acadians refused to participate. The two French cultures are different, and the Acadians did not want a political fight, nor did they want to separate from Canada.
What they did want was the right to live their lives in peace and speak the language of their heritage. The Acadians convened as a people for the first time in 1881. They chose the day of the Assumption of the Virgin, Aug. 15, as an Acadian holiday, and put her golden star on their flag. Père Lefebvre established a college in the community of Memramcook in 1864 so that the Acadians could pursue higher education, not only in French, but in their own dialect. The power of education paid off. While the struggle took a century, in the 1960s, Louis Joseph Robichaud was elected the first Acadian premier of New Brunswick. He created a program called Chances Égales pour Tous (equal opportunity for everyone) to support the rights of the Acadians to live in their language and culture. Taxes, passed to support dual school and medical systems, allowed the residents of New Brunswick to choose which language they wanted to speak, and by law, New Brunswick became bilingual. Every public sign is printed in both languages.
|Fiddler Donot Haché plays a tune at the Village Historique Acadien.
|photo by Mary Tutwiler
The story of the Cajuns is a familiar one in Louisiana. After arriving in Louisiana following the Grand Dérangement, the Acadian immigrants were left to themselves for more than a century. Then, in 1921, legislation forbade the Cajuns to speak French in school. An entire generation was forced to mute its voice, and the Cajuns did not teach their children the language of their forbearers. Not until the Cajun Renaissance began 40 years ago, when the Council for the Development of French in Louisiana and Festivals Acadiens were born, did the Cajuns begin to publicly celebrate their heritage with pride. Musician Zachary Richard, who was in Tracadie for a concert, says the French language in Louisiana is a luxury. “In New Brunswick,” he adds, “it is a right.”
Back in Louisiana, we are struggling to maintain the Cajun language. There are more than a million people of Cajun descent, the largest concentration of Acadians in the world, in southwest Louisiana. There are French immersion schools in Lafayette, but French is still not the lingua franca of the streets. Meanwhile 55,000 of our cousins reside on the Acadian Peninsula, living their lives in French. The Tintamarre brought us back together.
Bright sunny skies lit the streets of Caraquet, where people dressed in Acadian costumes or painted themselves red, white, blue and gold. “I’m proud to be an Acadian on a day like today,” says Giselle Savoie, who wears a red and blue clown suit. “Our grandparents left us a heritage. We cannot forget. We can do everything that our mothers taught us. Making a garden. Sewing a quilt. And we like to have fun.”
Also among the Lafayette travelers were Acadiana Open Channel’s Lucius Fontenot, KRVS Francomix host Valerie Broussard and KLFY TV-10 Passe Partout host Bobby Moore (along with cameraman Tony Living), who represented the Cajuns by pinning the Acadian flag to their shoulders as capes. Curious locals stopped them. When the trio explained they were flying the flag of Cajun Louisiana, they were embraced.
“Mon cousin,” the Acadians told Moore, who grew up speaking French with his Baudoin, Broussard and LeBlanc grandparents.
“It brought tears to my eyes” says Fontenot.
“We were walking up and down the street,” adds Broussard, “with big smiles like 3-year-olds. Everyone was so proud to be Acadians. People were glad to see us, glad we spoke French.”
“Being there,” says Fontenot, “it’s an inspiration to speak French at home. My mother was proud to be Cajun. I want to continue the tradition.”
Next year the grand convention of the Acadian people will be held in New Brunswick. The Congrès Mondial Acadien is a gathering of the scattered families of Acadie. Held every five years, first in Nova Scotia in 1994, in Louisiana in 1999 and Nova Scotia in 2004, the descendents of the families of Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, will gather for a huge reunion during 17 days in August (Aug. 6 to Aug. 23, 2009). The Acadian Peninsula is a small place, and hotels will be booked solid soon; however, residents are offering rooms in their houses to visitors.
Jacques Lanteigne, director of the CMA, says staying with local people might be the best way to experience Acadia. “When you stay with someone local, he will introduce you to the neighbors. It is likely they will have a barbecue. If you are lucky, they will have a boat and take you out on the water.”
Lanteigne says his mother, a French teacher, visited Cajun country not too long ago. “She was proud to tears to see the language still alive in Louisiana,” he says.
State Rep. Joel Robideaux, R-Lafayette, surprised few in the Hub City Wednesday afternoon when he made (semi) official what most of us have known for months: He is running to replace Joey Durel as city-parish president.
Two bedroom town home or three bedroom contemporary home
Let the party begin
Louisiana's first black Republican state senator since Reconstruction — who was a Republican before he was a Democrat before he was a Republican again — is accusing Democratic U.S. Sen. Mary Landrieu of using the black community for votes and providing nothing in return.
LSU's governing board has backed new hospital privatization contracts that give hospital managers greater ease to leave the deal and fewer restrictions about must-have services.
Rachel Hector returns home to cultivate a generation of yoga instructors.
Acadiana's nightlife guide.
U.S. Sen. Mary Landrieu is courting young voters in several appearances across Louisiana this week, talking about her support for legislation that could lower students' college costs.
It is distinctly possible control of the U.S. Senate will hinge on Louisiana, which is why, during the last several months, outside groups have made this the most expensive election in Louisiana history.
Coton de tulear joins Westminster; Paypal splitting from Ebay; first US Ebola diagnosis and more national and international news for Wednesday, October 1, 2014.
Wednesday's Blogs from the Bog!
A constellation of South Louisiana musical stars descends on Parc Sans Souci to honor an ailing David Egan.
INDStyle Awards 2014 was one for the books; the American Cancer Society took over The Victorian's big tent; and the battle of the sexes was alive and well for Walk a Runway's Christmas fundraiser.
The Acadiana Symphony Orchestra teams up with choreographer Clare Cook for a modern take on a Stravinsky classic.
Local food pantries begin seasonal drives
A girl's best fashion friend
Stage 4 vet takes on cancer and reminds us all what it really means to get involved.
Creative living flourishes at Downtown’s artist hub
Four bedroom cottage or four bedroom traditional
Bold looks for fall define INDStyle Awards 2014
Statement pieces for the season
The gents venture out
Project Front Yard has been launched to help us change our image and our habits.
Alleged victim is a Navy vet with brain trauma resulting from a car accident three decades ago.
Is Mary fading as Vitter solidifies his lock on the fourth floor?
Richard Buswell was sentenced Tuesday to more than 10 years in prison for his role in an investment scheme that defrauded his clients of more than $6 million.
The Latin Music Festival returns to Parc International this Saturday, Oct. 4, from noon to 10 p.m.
Gov. Bobby Jindal's administration has renegotiated contracts for six LSU hospital privatization deals, hoping to reach a compromise with federal health officials that will keep Medicaid dollars flowing to the privatized patient services.
Democratic Sen. Mary Landrieu is defending her record on gun rights, seeking to rebut sharp criticism from the NRA in a state where the right to bear arms is given special constitutional protection.