Few realize that the family-owned and operated pool manufacturer is now one of the largest wholesale fiberglass pool distributor in America, shipping out some 500 pools at more than $4 million a year. Tony Hebert, who took over the business for his father in 1986, even took the company's name out of the phone book 16 years ago because he didn't need more customers. "Most people don't believe how productive we are," Hebert says in his thick Cajun accent. "We ship pools from the Great Lakes to the Grand Cayman Islands. We don't have a salesman. We don't look for any new work. But we bring a lot of money into the state of Louisiana."
But Hebert says if Congress doesn't quickly change the laws for importing seasonal, unskilled immigrant workers, he's uprooting the family business to Mexico. His father has tried to convince him for the past few years to export the company because of labor shortage issues. This year, it's become a crisis.
"I don't know any manufacturer that's in business that doesn't say that labor is their biggest headache," he says. "If we don't get any relief, we're not going to fight this labor issue. There are people over there begging for work."
Since the early 1990s, thousands of Latin American immigrants have legally made their way into Louisiana to help more than 100 different employers in the state cover their seasonal labor shortages for manufacturing and agricultural and seafood processing. Employers who bring in this temporary help must prove that they have advertised for local workers to no avail.
"Who wants to work four months out of the year?" asks Kelly Couch, a New Roads-based consultant who helps businesses bring in immigrant labor. "[Employers] are dependent upon these workers," she says. Couch became accustomed to the rigorous application process for immigrant labor over the past decade while she and her husband imported workers for their sod farm.
"[Businesses] have no choice, and I think we've come to the point that it's really a win-win situation when these guys come in," she says. "It affords the local laborers more of an opportunity for advancement."
According to the state Department of Labor, Louisiana had 9,980 temporary immigrant workers ' named H2B immigrants after the visas they apply for ' in the state from October '03 to September '04. The demand for H2B workers in Louisiana has grown, but the state is getting less than half of that number this year. From the start of the federal fiscal year last October, the Department of Homeland Security licensed 4,459 immigrant workers for Louisiana, denying all others. This is because of a congressionally mandated cap instituted in 1991 that only allows a total of 66,000 H2B workers into the country each year. Last year was the first time the United States reached the cap, leaving employers stranded whose applications came in beyond mid-March. This year, the country hit the limit on Jan. 3, leaving scores of Louisiana businesses in jeopardy.
"We don't know for sure, but we can only assume that other states' requests are up," says Louisiana Department of Labor Press Secretary Ed Pratt. Pratt's records show that the number of businesses in Louisiana applying for H2B workers rose steadily for the past three years, though state and regional level records do not show the amount of workers requested per application. (U.S. Department of Labor offices did not return calls by press time.) The current labor shortage has left many businesses, revving up for upcoming harvests and peak production periods, in a quagmire.
"I just don't know what to do anymore," says Crystal Marceaux, bookkeeper with Gulf Crown Seafood in Delcambre. Since 1994, Gulf Crown has brought in 60 H2B employees from April to December to package the 10 million pounds of shrimp it annually distributes. The workers make $5.15 an hour, and many send part of their wages to their families back home. This year, Marceaux's applications didn't reach the Department of Homeland Security for approval until after the federal cap had already been met.
The stringent federal regulations governing immigrant workers only allow for businesses to submit their applications for seasonal H2B within 120 days of the time the immigrants are needed to work. Applications also spend nearly two months going through state and regional offices before reaching the Department of Homeland Security for approval. So even though Marceaux turned her application over to the state prior to Jan. 3, it wasn't in federal jurisdiction until after the cap had been met ' automatically denying all her H2B worker applications.
"I have no idea how I'll be able to process," Marceaux says. The same 60 workers she buses in each year from Topolobampo, on the western coast of Mexico, call her every week to check on their status. "They're waiting patiently," Marceaux says. "And hopefully something will change. I've been complaining and trying to get workers here, and it's just not working." The labor shortage could end up having a ripple effect on the state's economy. "If we can't process shrimp then I don't know what the boats are going to do with their product either," says Marceaux.
Most of the state's sugar cane farmers also use H2B workers, in addition to H2A workers. H2A workers are strictly used for agricultural fieldwork, and there are no restrictions on how many can be imported. (Since June 2004, Louisiana has secured 2,381 H2A workers.) Butch Pauche, of Cinclare Central Factory in Brusly, says the only way sugar processors were able to get H2B workers last year was to reapply after the new federal fiscal year started in October. Pauche says he usually likes to begin harvesting in September but didn't get his workers in until the beginning of October. Because of the short crop last year, they were able to finish before the first freeze in late December.
"If you have a long crop, and you don't have enough time to process all the cane before a freeze, it could be devastating for the industry," he says.
Plauche, Marceaux, Hebert and many others are now trying to lobby their congressional delegation to pass a proposed bill, now co-sponsored by Reps. Charles Boustany of Lafayette and Richard Baker of Baton Rouge, to lift the cap for the next two years for businesses that have legally used H2B workers for the past three years. The bill also aims to raise the fine on employers who avoid eligible local labor in favor of cheaper immigrants to up to $10,000. It also calls for the Department of Homeland Security to annually report salaries and origin countries of H2B immigrants.
However, Hebert and others say they have encountered hesitation from Louisiana's U.S. Sens. Mary Landrieu and David Vitter, who may be awaiting more sweeping immigrant reform, such as the President's initiative to provide temporary relief to illegal immigrants already working in the country.
But Hebert says his pool production business ' which grew 35 percent over the past five years and expanded to open another facility in Illinois ' can't wait much longer for political reforms.
This year alone, he invested more than $500,000 expanding his factory in anticipation of doubling production this summer ' a goal dependent on 28 H2B workers. The workers were scheduled to arrive on March 1, and Hebert found out on Feb. 22 that their visas were denied. He's been scrambling to find local workers ever since.
"None of them want to work," he says. "It's a joke. We'd like to hire people from here. This is a last resort before we go buy property in Mexico to move our plant. Because if this keeps up that's exactly what we're going to do."
The Board of Elementary and Secondary Education has stalled action on a $3.5 billion annual school funding formula due to state lawmakers by March 15.
The New Orleans Saints have yet to make it official as of this writing, but popular wide receiver Lance Moore has reportedly been cut by the team to free up salary-cap space on the roster.
While two medical marijuana bills are slated for the upcoming legislative session, what some Louisianans might not know is that the plant was approved for therapeutic use by state lawmakers in 1991.
The agenda is shaping up to be lighter than in previous years. But Jindal is term-limited, with fewer than two years remaining in office, and he saw his last big initiative — a proposed rewrite of Louisiana tax law — collapse without getting a vote in 2013.
Sharper has been held without bail because of an arrest warrant issued by Louisiana authorities accusing him and another man of raping two women.
Here's your daily look at late-breaking national and international news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Friday, March 07, 2014:
Two Lafayette men have been revealed by police as the infamous duo behind a caper that shook our fair city to its core.
The Lafayette Parish School Board has received a second letter of demand related to last year’s insurance debacle, this time from Key Benefit Administrators claiming it’s owed $93,000 from the school system.
The Louisiana coastline is vanishing faster than mappers can keep track.
A bill that would have overridden local ordinances prohibiting public and private employers from discriminating against lesbian, gay and transgender people has been pulled within less than a week of being filed.
The panel that selects nominees for a controversial New Orleans area flood control board — a board that is suing more than 90 oil, gas and pipeline companies — is set to discuss legislation affecting its independence.
State prison officials cannot keep secret the seller and manufacturer of the two drugs purchased for executions at the Louisiana State Penitentiary, a federal judge ruled Wednesday.
State lawmakers will not appeal a judge's ruling that it was improper to use $3.7 million from a probation and parole officers' retirement fund to balance the state's operating budget.
Conservatives have been losing their minds over this satirical bit on the Colbert Report.
The Lafayette Parish School Board leaves a lot to be desired, but is scrapping the election process in favor of an appointed board the answer?
The House approved legislation Tuesday night to roll back a recently enacted overhaul of the federal flood insurance program, after homeowners in flood-prone areas complained about sharp premium increases.
The NFL has formally designated New Orleans' Jimmy Graham as a tight end for the purposes of his franchise tag value, which is now set at $7.05 million next season unless Graham and the Saints subsequently agree on a long-term deal.
A federal appeals panel ruled Monday that businesses don't have to prove that they were directly harmed by BP's 2010 Gulf Of Mexico oil spill to collect settlement payments.
The Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development has closed Interstate 10 from I-49 in Lafayette to Seigen Lane in Baton Rouge.
Jim Bernhard, who engineered the sale of The Shaw Group for $3 billion, recently has told several people involved in Democratic politics that he intends to run for governor in 2015.
A New Orleans levee board wants to hold the oil and gas industry accountable for decades of damage to our state’s coastline, but the Legislature may be poised to put the kibosh on the suit.
New standards curb elective induction
CVS stops tobacco sales
If an Acadia Parish fiddler misses a note while swatting a fly, will a St. Martinville accordionist learn “Ma ‘Tite Fille”?
(It's good, it's bad and it's just crazy)